High Blood Diseases (Hypertension)
High blood pressure or hypertension (Hypertension) is a condition in which someone is experiencing an increase in blood pressure above normal indicated by the number of systolic (upper) and lower number (diastolic) blood pressure on examination of blood using a blood pressure gauge, and includes water cuff mercury (sphygmomanometer) or other digital devices.
A person's blood pressure to normal values with height, weight, normal activity levels and general health was 120/80 mmHg. In daily activities, normal blood pressure is stable with the numerical value range. But in general, the numbers decreased blood pressure during sleep and increased diwaktu activity or exercise.
When someone has high blood pressure and did not get the treatment and control of regular (routine), then this may lead the sufferer into serious cases can even cause death. High blood pressure causes the heart to someone constantly working extra hard, this condition ultimately results in damage to the blood vessels of the heart, kidneys, brain and eyes. Hypertension disease is a common cause of stroke and heart attack (Heart attack).
High blood pressure or hypertension is known by two types of classification, such as hypertension Primary and Secondary Hypertension:
# Hypertension Primary
Primary hypertension is a condition in which the occurrence of high blood pressure as a result of the impact of lifestyle and environmental factors. Someone who is not a controlled diet and lead to being overweight or even obese, is the initial trigger for the disease of high blood pressure. Similarly, someone who is in the environment or the high stressor condition most likely exposed to high blood pressure disease, including people who are lack of exercise can have high blood pressure.
# Hypertension Secondary
Secondary hypertension is a condition in which the increase in high blood pressure as a result of someone experiencing / suffering from other diseases such as heart failure, kidney failure, or damage the hormone system of the body. While in pregnant women, blood pressure generally increased during pregnancy was 20 weeks. Especially in women whose weight is above normal or overweight (obese).
Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), this is the designation in terms of health (medical) for pregnant women who suffer from hypertension. Conditions Hypertension in pregnant women can currently tergolang or severe / dangerous, A pregnant woman with high blood pressure can experience the days Preeclampsia pregnancy.
Preeclampsia is a condition of a pregnant woman who has hypertension, so feel complaints such as dizziness, headaches, vision problems, abdominal pain, a swollen face, loss of appetite, nausea and even vomiting. In the event of spasms as the impact of hypertension is called Eclamsia.
1. Causes of Hypertension
Use of drugs such as corticosteroid group (cortison) and some hormone drugs, including some anti-inflammatory drugs (anti-inflammasi) is continuously (often) can increase a person's blood pressure. Smoking also is one of the factors causing high blood pressure due to increased tobacco that contains nicotine. Beverages containing alcohol are also included one of the factors that cause high blood pressure. Stop into the alcoholic!
2. Handling and Treatment of Hypertension
a. Diet High Blood Diseases (Hypertension)
* The content of salt (Sodium / Sodium)
Someone who developed high blood diseases should control themselves in consuming salt-pickled in salt, there are a few tips that can be done to control dietary sodium / sodium this;
- Do not put salt on the dinner table
- Select the number of low sodium content when buying food
- Limit consumption of meats and cheeses
- Avoid salty-salty snacks
- Reduce the use of sauces which generally have a sodium content
* Content of Potassium / Potassium
Suplements 2-4 grams of potassium a day could help lower blood pressure, generally stout Potassium is found in some fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables that contain potassium and good for the consumption of high blood pressure, among others, watermelon, avocado, melon, fruit of bitter melon, chayote, bligo, machetes pumpkin / squash, cucumber, aloe vera, celery, onion and garlic. In addition, foods containing omega-3 sagat known effective in helping to decrease blood pressure (hypertension).
Treatment of hypertension is usually combined with some drugs;
- (Tablet diuretic hydrochlorothiazide (HCT), Lasix (furosemide)). Hypertensive drug classes with an expenditure process fluids via urine. But because potassium berkemungkinan wasted in the liquid urine, hence controlling the consumption of potassium should be done.
- Beta-blockers atenolol ((Tenorim), Capoten (Captopril)). Is a drug used in blood pressure control efforts through the work of the heart and slow the process of widening (vasodilation) of blood vessels.
- Calcium channel blockers (Norvasc (amlopidine), Angiotensinconverting enzyme (ACE)). Is one commonly used drug in controlling high blood pressure or hypertension is through the process of blood vessel relaxation that also widens blood vessels.